Prague has one of the best public transportation systems in Europe. The metro, trams and buses are used by two-thirds of Prague's population and cover the majority of the city and outskirts.
Prague Metro (Subway)
The Prague metro carries around 600 million passengers a year and about 40% of people choose it as their mode of public transport in Prague. The Prague subway is fast, efficient, clean and easy to use. Its three lines consist of about 62 km of tracks running mostly underground, and 61 stations. New stations continue to be added.
The Prague metro is only about 45 years old (it was first opened in 1974) and is mostly Russian-built.
The three lines of the Prague metro currently are:
Line A (Green) runs east to west from Depo Hostivař to Nemocnice Motol and has 17 stations. The extension of line A with the new metro stops Bořislavka, Nádraží Veleslavín, Petřiny and Nemocnice Motol was opened on April 6, 2015. Line A should eventually run all the way to the Prague Airport, which is currently serviced only by bus.
Line B (Yellow) runs east to west from Černý most to Zličín and has 24 stations.
Line C (Red) runs north to south from Letňany to Háje and has 20 stations.
Line D (Blue) is planned to be built in the future.
There are three transfer stations in the city center where two subway lines intersect:
Můstek (lower end of Wenceslas Square) - lines A and B intersect
Muzeum (upper end of Wenceslas Square) - lines A and C intersect
Florenc (main bus station) - lines B and C intersect
These are transfer points from one line to another. Each transfer route is clearly marked and takes 3-5 minutes walking.
In the Metro Station
Trains run from around 4:45 a.m. and the last train leaves its station of origin at midnight. Night trams and buses must be used when the metro is closed. Trains arrive in 1-3 min. intervals during the peak hours of the morning and afternoon commute and in 4-10 min. intervals in the off hours. The time that has elapsed from the moment when the previous train left the station can be seen on the clock at the head of the tracks.
All stations are equipped with escalators and about two thirds of all metro stations allow access for the disabled.
Once on the train, the following announcements can be heard:
1. Name of the station where the train is currently stopped, e.g. "Můstek"
2. Warning of doors closing: "Ukončete prosím výstup a nástup, dveře se zavírají." (Please finish exiting and boarding the train, the doors are closing.)
3. Name of the following station (e.g. Muzeum): "Příští stanice: Muzeum" (Next station: Muzeum). If that station is also a transfer station, you will hear "Přestup na linku A/B/C." (Transfer to line A/B/C).
With 500 km of tracks, trams (tramvaje) cover a large area of Prague and are used by some 300 million people a year. Daytime trams run from 4:30 a.m. till midnight in 8 - 10 minute intervals (8 - 15 minutes on weekends). Night trams (numbers 51 - 58) run from 00:30 a.m. till 4:30 a.m. in 40 minute intervals.
Tram 22 follows one of Prague's most scenic routes, passing by the National Theater to Staroměstská and Malostranská metro stations, and continuing up to the Belveder, Prague Castle and Pohořelec, with some stunning views along the way.
Historical Tram no. 41
The Historical Tram no. 41 (historická linka č. 41) is a historic tram that runs on weekends and holidays from April through mid-November. The tram runs from noon until about 5 p.m. The ticket costs 35 Kč for adults and 20 Kč for children under 15. http://www.dpp.cz/en/historical-tram-line-no-41/
Tram Schedules and Connections
You can look up Prague tram schedules and connections online at dpp.cz.
Prague City Buses
Buses (autobusy) cover the outskirts of Prague and areas where trams or the metro do not run. Daytime buses run from 4:30 a.m. till midnight in 6-8 min. intervals in peak hours, 10-20 min. intervals in the off hours, and 15-30 min. intervals on weekends. Night buses (numbers 501-513) run from around midnight till 4:30 a.m. at 30-60 min. intervals.
Bus 119 and 100
Bus 119 connects the Prague airport with the Nádraží Veleslavín metro station (line A) and bus 100 connects the aiport with the Zličínstation (line B). They are both a convenient and cheap way to get to and from the Prague airport. For more details, see Airport - Downtown.
Bus 112 to the Zoo
The Prague Zoo can be reached by bus 112 that runs from Nádraží Holešovice(metro C) every several minutes. The ride takes 10 minutes and you'll need a regular transport ticket .